Are you are at the risk for osteoporosis? let’s find out

There are some common symptoms to identify the risk of osteoporosis: a simple fall or injury that can cause fractures, a decrease in height with age, bending of the back, Dowager’s hump syndrome, etc. all of these are symptoms of dreaded osteoporosis.

What is osteoporosis?

It means a condition that causes bones to become brittle and weak, so weak that slight stress on bones, like coughing, lifting, and bending over can cause a fracture.

Why does osteoporosis happen?

It happens due to the imbalance of some hormones that cause calcium from bone to release in blood in large quantities living bones porous and fragile over the years.
Reducing bone density by 30 to 40%

Bone making is a continuous process your bones are regularly remodeling discarding old and replacing it with a new one.

The strength of our bones can be measured by its weight and density.
Is maximum in our 30’s (bone mass)
Higher the bone mass, the less likely it is that we lose it during normal aging.

How does osteoporosis affect the nervous system?

Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder that increased the risk of fracture. Osteoporotic fractures cause increased inability and fatality in bones, it also suggests that osteoporosis may be a clinical indication of an underlying disbalance in CNS (central nervous system) causing disease process and affecting multiple systems.

The musculoskeletal system and the central nervous system, are primarily affected systems here, Vitamin D deficiency is a major contributor for osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. Its effects are propitiated by the development of the cerebrovascular disease, postural instability, muscle weakness, and bone fragility. Thus, osteoporotic fractures result from both bone and brain disease.

Nutritional needs for healthy bones.

  1. Calcium
  2. Protein
  3. Phosphorus
  4. Vitamin D

Who is at high risk for osteoporosis?

A recent study on women’s health initiative suggests that 40% of women are at risk of developing and osteoporotic fracture in their lifetime.
Most patient’s majority of which a woman is already osteoporotic because of its characteristics like no pain and no symptoms.
Osteoporosis progresses without one’s knowledge and is also described as a silent thief that robs calcium from our bones.
Osteoporosis can occur in anybody.

There are certain factors that increase the risk of osteoporosis.

  1. Family history of osteoporosis.
  2. An Inactive Lifestyle and Aging.
  3. Females are more susceptible than men due to thinner and lighter bones and lower bone mass.
  4. The decrease in estrogen levels in women after Menopause these hormones aids calcium absorption.
  5. Lower testosterone levels in men.
  6. Early Menopause either natural or surgical.
  7. Taking Anti Seizure or Epileptic medication for a prolonged period may cause side effects of bone thinning.
  8. Cushing’s syndrome leading to hormonal imbalance which can induce bone loss.
  9. Poor absorption of calcium in the stomach and intestine due to injury or surgeries.
  10. Low calcium intake and Vitamin D deficiency.
  11. Cigarette smoking reduces calcium absorption in the intestine.
  12. Excessive caffeine intake tea or coffee. As these are diuretics and increases urination and cause removal of nutrients and minerals, they also reduce calcium absorption.
  13. Pre-existing chronic medical conditions like renal or liver diseases, arthritis, hormonal abnormalities, hypo- hyperthyroidism leads to reduced calcium absorption.
  14. Parity in women(no. of children).

How to test for osteoporosis? (Diagnosis)

Testing Bone Mass:

(DEXA) Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry.
Bone densitometry scan for the age of 35 or more only with consultation from your doctor.

Frequency:
Every 3 years for a healthy individual.
Every six months for the osteoporotic patient
Once annually for people with osteopenia

Prevention:

Preventive measures that should be done are as follows:
1. Maintain a steady diet with calcium and Vitamin D.
2. Exercise regularly
3. Weight control
4. The more you use your bone the more it becomes stronger to keep them healthy with an Active Lifestyle.